Cosmetic puncturing of the skin to produce permanent welts or scars for decorative or expressive effect. A form of body art, scarification is related to tattooing, though it introduces no pigments. Scarification has been practised by native peoples of Australia, Borneo, Canada's province of British Columbia, Mexico, New Guinea, New Zealand, and the USA's state of Washington. The people of Papau New Guinea, for instance, cut their skin and insert clay or ash into the wounds so as to develop permanent bumps (known as keloids or weals). This painful ritual makes them well respected members of their tribe who are honored for their courage and endurance. Although tattooing and piercing continues to be the more commonly practised forms of body art, an increasing number of people in North America and Europe are participating in scarification. Scarification presents numerous serious health concerns — including risks of physical injury, infection by bloodborne pathogens, and psychological harm as well — because it either borders on or is self-mutilation. Far more often than not, allowing oneself to be cut or intentionally cutting oneself indicates a need for professional medical assistance.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • scarification — [ skarifikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1314; lat. scarificatio 1 ♦ Méd., chir. Incision superficielle, pratiquée pour provoquer un écoulement de sang ou de sérosité. ⇒ moucheture. Scarification au bistouri, au scarificateur. ♢ Spécialt, au plur. En Afrique,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • scarification — Scarification. s. f. v. Operation par laquelle on scarifie. Il en faudra venir à la scarification. ce mal ne peut estre gueri que par la scarification. ordonner, faire des scarifications …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Scarification — Scar i*fi*ca tion, n. [L. scarificatio: cf. F. scarification.] The act of scarifying. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scarification — (n.) c.1400, act of covering with scratches or slight cuts, from O.Fr. scarification (early 14c.), from L.L. scarificationem, noun of action from pp. stem of scarificare, from L. scarifare scratch open, from Gk. skariphasthai to scratch an… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Scarification — Scarification, lat. dtsch., das Schröpfen; das Aderlassen bei Bäumen; Scarificator. eine Art Pflug mit gekrümmten Messern, bei bündigem, verunkrautetem Boden statt der Egge gebraucht …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • scarification — Scarification, Scarificatio, Columel …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • scarification — [skar΄ə fi kā′shən] n. [ME scarificacioun < LL scarificatio] 1. the act of scarifying 2. scratches or cuts made by scarifying …   English World dictionary

  • Scarification — This article is about a body modification method. For the process which encourages germination in plants, see Scarification (botany). Modern scarification (Euler s identity) Scarifying involves scratching, etching, burning, or superficially… …   Wikipedia

  • Scarification — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. En médecine et dans certaines pratiques sociales, la scarification consiste à effectuer des incisions superficielles de la peau humaine. En jardinage et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCARIFICATION — s. f. Opération de chirurgie, par laquelle on fait plusieurs incisions à la peau avec une lancette ou un bistouri. Il en faudra venir à la scarification. Ce mal ne peut être guéri que par la scarification. Ordonner des scarifications. Les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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